ETAA Reading Comprehension Midterm

    Answer the following 17 questions.
    You have 30 minutes to complete this section of the Entrance Exam.

    For Questions #1-#11, click on the Reading Passage #1 link, and use the information to answer the questions.

    Reading Passage #1

    1. Which of the following organizational schemes is most prevalent in the passage?
    A. chronological order
    B. comparison-contrast
    C. order by topic
    D. hierarchical order

    2. One disadvantage of the compaction method of waste disposal is that it cannot reduce transportation costs.
    A. reduces the volume of solid waste material.
    B. does not allow hospitals to confirm that
    C. organic matter has been eliminated.
    D. does not reduce the weight of solid waste material.

    3. For hospitals that dispose of waste on their own premises, the optimum treatment method is
    A. incineration.
    B. compaction.
    C. sterilization.
    D. hydropulping.

    4. According to the passage, which of the following could be safely disposed of in a landfill but might not be accepted by landfill facilities?
    A. hydropulped material
    B. sterilized waste
    C. incinerated waste
    D. laboratory cultures

    5. The two processes mentioned in the passage that involve the formation of liquid are
    A. compaction and hydropulping.
    B. incineration and compaction.
    C. hydropulping and sterilization.
    D. sterilization and incineration.

    6. According to the passage, two effective methods for treating waste caused by infectious matter are
    A. steam sterilization and incineration.
    B. hydropulping and steam sterilization.
    C. incineration and compaction.
    D. hydropulping and incineration.

    7. Hospitals can minimize employee contact with dangerous waste by switching from
    A. a manual cart to a gravity chute.
    B. an automated cart to a hydropulping machine.
    C. a gravity chute to a manual cart.
    D. a manual cart to an automated cart.

    8. The process that transforms waste from hazardous to harmless and diminishes waste volume is
    A. sterilization.
    B. hydropulping.
    C. oxidizing.
    D. compacting.

    9. The underlined word exhausting, as it is used in the second paragraph of the passage, most nearly means
    A. debilitating.
    B. disregarding.
    C. detonating.
    D. discharging.

    10. Budgetary constraints have precluded some small hospitals from purchasing
    A. pneumatic tubes.
    B. rotary kilns.
    C. sterilization equipment.
    D. controlled-air kilns.

    11. The underlined phrase fugitive emissions in the fourth paragraph most nearly means
    A. contaminants that are extremely toxic.
    B. contaminants that are illegally discharged.
    C. contaminants that escape the disposal process.
    D. contaminants that come from microbiological testing.

    For Questions #12-#17, click on the Reading Passage #2 link, and use the information to answer the questions.

    Reading Passage #2

    12. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?
    A. The circulation of atmosphere, threatened by global warming and pollution, protects the biosphere and makes life on Earth possible.
    B. If the protective atmosphere around the earth is too damaged by human activity, all life on Earth will cease.
    C. Life on Earth is the result of complex interdependent events of nature, and some of these events are a result of human intervention.
    D. The circulation of atmosphere is the single most important factor in keeping the biosphere alive, and it is constantly threatened by harmful human activity.

    13. Which of the following best represents the organization of the passage?
    A. I. Definition and description of the circulation of the atmosphere
    II. How the atmosphere affects heat and water in the biosphere
    III. How the circulation of the atmosphere works
    IV. What will happen if human activity destroys the atmosphere and other life-sustaining mechanisms
    B. I. Origin of the atmosphere and ways it protects the biosphere
    II. How the circulation of the atmosphere affects the equator and the poles
    III. How the circulation of the atmosphere interrelates with other events in nature to protect life on Earth
    IV. Threats to life in the biosphere
    C. I. Definition and description of the circulation of the atmosphere
    II. Protective functions of the circulation of the atmosphere
    III. Relationship of the circulation of the atmosphere to other life-sustaining mechanisms
    IV. Threats to nature’s interconnectedness in the biosphere
    D. I. The journey of the atmosphere 93 million miles through space.
    II. How the atmosphere circulates and protects the biosphere
    III. How the atmosphere interrelates with weather in the biosphere
    IV. How damage to the biosphere threatens life on Earth

    14. Which of the following is the best definition of the underlined word biosphere as it is used in the passage?
    A. the protective envelope formed by the atmosphere around the living earth
    B. that part of the earth and its atmosphere in which life can exist
    C. the living things on Earth whose existence is made possible by circulation of the atmosphere
    D. the circulation of the atmosphere’s contribution to life on Earth

    15. Which of the following sentences from the passage best supports the author’s point that circulation of the atmosphere is vital to life on Earth?
    A. The equatorial region is the warmest part of the earth because it receives the most direct and, therefore, strongest solar radiation.
    B. The circulation of the atmosphere and the weather it generates is but one example of the many complex, interdependent events of nature.
    C. [The atmosphere] protects Earth from the cold of space, from harmful ultraviolet light, and from all but the largest meteors.
    D. A static envelope of air surrounding the earth would produce an extremely hot, uninhabitable equatorial region,while the polar regions would remain

    16. Based on the passage, which of the following is directly responsible for all temperature changes on Earth?
    A. variations in the strength of solar radiation
    B. variations in the amount of ultraviolet light
    C. variation of biologic processes in the biosphere
    D. variation in global warming

    17. The first paragraph of the passage deals mainly with which of the following effects of the atmosphere on the earth?
    A. its sheltering effect
    B. its reviving effect
    C. its invigorating effect
    D. its cleansing effect